East IndiaAll East India
Union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, states of West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and Jharkhand together is known as East India. Kolkata is the largest city. The population of East India constitutes of Sikh, Buddhist, Muslims and Christians. Dakshineswar Kali Temple in west Bengal is a temple of historical importance in India. Kalighat Kali temple in Kolkata is the most important of all places of worship dedicated to the goddess Shakti, a female principal deity of Hinduism. Belur Math in Kolkata founded by Swami Vivekananda, Gaya temple for salvation of ancestors, Sultanganj in Bhagalpur and Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga in Deoghar, Jharkhand are places with importance in this region. Bengali cuisine is well known for its differences in tastes, and its enormous feast of sweets and desserts. Odisha foods are rich and varied, with heavily local ingredients. Mahari Dance, Chau dance, Ghumura Dance, Bengali folk dances are various kinds of dance forms from the East India Region. Bengali is the dominant language of West Bengal as well as the whole of East India, Hindi along with Urdu, Maithili, Magahi and Bhojpuri is the dominant language of Bihar and Jharkhand. Odia is the dominant language of the state of Odisha.
Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and the Union Territories of Delhi and Chandigarh contributes in forming the region North India. The climate here are very cool winters, hot summers and medium monsoons. Hinduism is the prominent religion in North India, while minority of people practice Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Jainism and Buddhism. Various dance forms like bhangra from Punjab, Rouf and Bhand pather from Kashmir are among the famous folk dance forms in this region. Corbett National Park, Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers National Park, Dachigam National Park, Great Himalayan National Park, Desert National Park, Kanha National Park are some among the famous wildlife sanctuaries and forest reserves in the northern part of India. The most visited hill stations in the northern India are Srinagar, Shimla, Manali, Nainital, Mussoorie, Kausani and Mount Abu. Temples at Varanasi, Haridwar, Allahabad, Char Dham, Vaishno Devi, Rishikesh, Ayodhya, Mathura/Vrindavan, Pushkar, Prayag, Monuments like Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, Gwalior Fort, sites from the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilization are some among the famous places of visit in North India.
The union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry and states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala consists of the south Indian region. Major languages of this region are Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, and Tulu and people follow religions such as Hinduism, Christianity and Islam. There are many reserve forest and wild life sanctuaries in this region which includes Periyar tiger reserve, Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Silent Valley National Park, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Nugu Wildlife Sanctuary, Eravikulam National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, and Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary(To name a few). Sambar rice, Tamarind rice, Curd rice, Sweet Pongal, are important cuisine in Tamil Nadu, Hyderabad is popular for its Biryani, Kerala cuisine offers a multitude of dishes, traditional sadya to seafood delicacies. South India has a numerous of dance forms – the Koodiyattam, Bharatanatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali, Theyyam, Ottamthullal, Margamkali, Oppana, and Mohiniaattam. Temple sculptures of Srirangam, Chidambaram, Kanchipuram, Mahabalipuram, Thiruvannamalai, Tanjore, Madurai, Rameswaram, Sri Kalahasti, Tirupati, Hampi, Simhachalam are of cultural and historic value.
The region of western India includes the Union territory of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli of India along with the states of Goa, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra. The climate varies between tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, and semi-arid. This region is highly industrial, with a large urban population. Languages like Marathi, Rajasthani and Guajarati are widely spoken here. Maharashtrian culture originates from the early Hindu Vedic culture, Gujarati culture is a mixture of Indian philosophy and foreign inspiration, Goa culture is a unique combination of Indian and Portuguese values. Cuisine of western India is diverse with cashew, seafood and coconut in Goa, Maharastra ranges from Pohay, Shrikhand, Pav Bhaji, Vada Pav and Gujarati cuisine is almost exclusively vegetarian. The famous cities in this region are Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Surat, Vadodara, Mumbai, Pune, Nasik, Thane, Ajmer, Jaipur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Kota. Famous hill stations in this region are Mount Abu, Lonavala-Khandala, Matheran, Mahabaleshwar etc. Folk dances like the Ghoomar of Rajasthan, Garba of Gujarat is famous all over the India.