Travel Guide

Travel Guide

How to Reach Kerala

The beautiful state of Kerala is situated in the south western part of India. West of this state is the Arabian Sea, and to the east is the Western Ghats mountain range, which separates the state of Tamil Nadu from Kerala. Reach Kerala by air, Sea, and Road.

Kerala has three international airports, Thiruvananthapuram International Airport in the southern region, Cochin International Airport in central, Calicut International Airport in northern region of the state.

The state is easily accessible by rail and road transport from any part of India through National Highways 17, 47 and 49.The state is also connected by over 200 railway stations and direct trains to Kerala can be availed from all the metro cities in the country (Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Bangalore), and from other foremost Indian cities.

The major port at Kochi is the main gateway to Kerala. From this port, ships frequently sail towards the Lakshadweep Islands and other prominent ports. The backwaters of Kerala are not only a well-linked means of conveyance, but also a tourist fascination.

Tourist Visa on Arrival to Kerala

Amongst the nine locations in India, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram are the two places in which tourists from 43 destinations can get their visas enabled with electronic travel authorization (tourist visa-on-arrival). Kerala is looking for to announce Tourist Visa on Arrival (T-VoA) at Calicut, the third airport in the State. Plan your holidays in Kerala on a short period. Apply for your Visa Online, get the 'Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA)' and fly to the Gods Own Country, Kerala. 'Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA), will be in the form of an email from the authorities at Indian offices, to the tourists which will entitle the tourist for a stay of 30-days in India.

Tourist Visa on Arrival enabled with Electronic Travel Authorization has been announced for Foreign Tourists coming to Kochi and Trivandrum from 43 countries which includes Australia, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, UAE & USA for a short stay of 30 days. The other countries apart from the above are Brazil, Cambodia, Cook Islands, Djibouti, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Finland, Indonesia, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kingdom of Tongo, Laos, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Mexico, Myanmar, Niue, Oman, Palestine, Papua & New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Kiribati, Republic of Korea (i.e. South Korea), Republic of Marshall Islands, Republic of Nauru, Republic of Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Ukraine & Vietnam.

Kerala is the only state in India where two airports, having the Tourist Visa on Arrival enabled with Electronic Travel Authorization.

People and life style of Kerala

Kerala has welcomed three religions into India through its ancient port Muziris and Pattanam, now called Kodungallur. The foremost Jewish settlements in the country were in Kerala established in 961 BC during the time of King Solomon then the ruler of Israel. Christianity came first to Kerala with the arrival of an Apostle of Jesus, St. Thomas in 52 AD with the establishment of a church by the Apostle. Islam came to India through Kerala in 629 AD. The first Islamic Mosque, Cheraman Juma Masjid, was built here. It is believed that the cosmopolitan and gentle characters of the Keralite folks stems from these early meetings with foreign persons.

Keralite, people belonging to the state of Kerala are considered to be extremely humble and affectionate. They are not only modest in their dressing, and in the way of living but also they follow the slogan of “simple living & high thinking.” The people in the region are a diverse group and have distinct cultural and religious traditions.

Kerala has a Life expectancy of seventy five years, which is very near to the American average of seventy eight. The most remarkable achievement that the state has made is that 100 percent of the people are literate, a number that puts the state at par with Singapore and Spain. Most people in Kerala are familiar in English provide the best education they can afford to their children.

Seasons of Kerala

Compared to any other Indian states, Kerala is blessed with a pleasing and calm climate throughout the year just due to the land's proximity to the sea and the presence of Western Ghats on the east. Kerala receives abundant rain each year. The hill stations of Kerala, enjoys a cool and refreshing climate all the year-round. Owing to its mixture in geographical topographies, the climatic condition in Kerala is diverse which is divided into 4 seasons - winter, summer, South-West Monsoon and North-East Monsoon.

Winter starts from late November till the mid of February. During this season temperature is relatively low but does not differ significantly from other seasons. Summer season begins by the end of February by increase of temperature. Higher temperature, humid weather and low rainfall are the appearances of the summer Season.

Southwest monsoon begins by the finish of May or early June with the start of the southwest monsoon winds. The months which follow till the end of September are periods of heavy rain and is the first state in India to be hit by the monsoon winds, Kerala receives plentiful rainfall. Northeast monsoon is also referred to as Reverse monsoons with heavy rain accompanied by lightning and thunder. This season are in the months of October and November. Kerala The gods won country is a paradise for tourist all the year round. Enjoy all seasons including monsoons with the monsoon tourism which has gained popularity in the recent years.

Culture of Kerala

Kerala has a rich cultural heritage and is influenced by three faiths of Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. Music, various dance forms, attractive sculptures and religious traditions upholds the cultural traditions of the state. Kathakali, Mohiniyattom, Koodiyattom, Thullal, Thiruvathira kali are some of the dance forms of Kerala which has evolved many centuries ago. Kalaripayattu, is recognized as one of the oldest and most scientific martial art form in the world. It is believed to be originated as a style in Kerala during 3rd century BC to the 2nd century AD.

Kerala is well-known for its extensive variety of handicrafts works. The prominent works are sandalwood items, woodcraft, handlooms and metal work (especially brass and copper). The cuisine in Kerala has a wide range to choose from. The primary diet of Kerala is rice. Choose from a variety of steamed, fried treats and sea food. Coconut kernel is commonly used in dishes. Kerala is rich in spices and these spices are mostly used for flavouring food. Meals comprising of several courses are also served on banana leaves that makes dining a remarkable experience.

Kerala is also known as the land of festivals falling throughout the year.
Mentioning a few:Onam is one of the biggest festival of Kerala and last for ten days and conveys out the best of Kerala culture and tradition. Beautifully decorated Pookalam(floral carpets), Kaikottikali a dance form, the Onasadya (the festival feast), magnificent Snake Boat Race, are some of the most incredible features of Onam.

Cochin Carnival is one festival conducted every year to welcomes New Year in a grand manner on the Eve Dec 31. Lighting of Papanji a tradition inherited from Portuguese (Huge Santa-like figure) to bid good-bye to former year and to welcome New Year, followed by a celebration with music and dance till dawn.

Trissur Pooram, also known as Festivals of Festivals is the most famous temple festival celebrated in kerala. Trissur Pooram is held by the end of April and mid of May. Two temple festivities compete with each other during this festival. More than 50 decorated elephants along with huge temple orchestration normally associated by 200 musicians, makes it a visual treat. Huge decorations and illumination is erected across the city, Heavy fireworks which is considered as one of the lengthiest fireworks in the world.

What to Wear in Kerala

Everyday Clothes
Wear clothes that cover the legs and shoulders, avoiding tight-fitting and revealing clothes. Men and women should follow the same guidelines. For most locations and seasons in Kerala, thin, loose linen or cotton pants and button-down shirts will keep you comfortable. It is advisable to wear Cotton outfits, hats, sunglasses, sunscreen lotion, in hot, sunny and humid climate.

Nudity
Nudity is not permitted in restricted in all public places in Kerala including the beaches.

Temples and Religious Sites
Before visiting any temples or religious places In Kerala, one must follow certain codes and guidelines.
Some religious places in Kerala have dress codes, like covering your head, being barefooted, etc. The customs and guidelines may vary for each places of religious importance, Travelers are recommended to obey with them, so as it doesn’t offend religious sentiments of the respective community.

Smoking
Smoking is banned in public places in Kerala.

Mode of transportation in Kerala

Kerala is a popular travel destination amongst domestic and international tourists. A widespread and well linked network of roads provides comfortable travel facility in Kerala. There are travel facilities like luxury coaches, railway, inland water services and tourist taxis for visitors.

Taxi
Taxis are the best way of covering short distances in Kerala. The beautiful natural beauty of the state can be admired while travelling on a cab. It is a luxury and comfortable to travel on roads of Kerala in these taxi services.

Auto Rickshaw

Auto rickshaws are essential for the local transportation system of Kerala. The three-wheeler rickshaws are great in traveling around the cities and towns. Autos are cheaper for short routes when compared to taxis or cabs.

Buses
There is large fleet of buses belonging to the government of Kerala. At present the corporation has 5988 schedules and 6114 buses. Private bus operators also offer easy and cheap transportation between cities and towns and to the neighbouring states.

Railways
There is a well-connected system of passenger trains including fast moving trains connecting major cities across the region. Railway has a better connectivity to the southern side as compared to the northern region.

Airways
With a considerable number of airports, Kerala is connect with major cities of the country as well as state. The major airports of Kerala are located in Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum International Airport), Cochin (Cochin International Airport) and Kozhikode (Calicut International Airport).

Ferry Boats
Being a coastal state, many cities in Kerala also use ferries and boats for transportation. There are nearly 16 ports in the state, of which Kochi is the most important port. Inland water system is available in the coastal regions, which includes Kollam, Alappuzha, Kottayam, and Ernakulam.